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Shimla Agreement In Tamil


Oct 21


The Simla Agreement was signed on July 2, 1972, by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in the capital Himachal Pradesh. The agreement was a peace treaty signed by both nations after the bangladesh war ended in 1971. Bangladesh had been part of Pakistan since its partition in 1947. In 1971, it waged a war of independence against Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, turning the war into an Indo-Pakistani war in 1971. The agreement was ratified the same year by the parliaments of both countries. The Lahore Declaration was a bilateral agreement and a governmental agreement between India and Pakistan. The treaty was signed on 21 February 1999 at the end of a historic summit in Lahore and ratified the same year by the parliaments of both countries. [1] In 1998, the foreign ministries of both countries launched the peace process in order to ease tensions in the region.

On 23 September 1998, the two Governments signed an agreement on the recognition of the principle of creating an environment of peace and security and the resolution of all bilateral conflicts, which became the basis of the Lahore Declaration. [1] On February 11, 1999, the Pakistani Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced the state visit of Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee on the first bus link between the two countries. [3] The Lahore Declaration is a remarkable contract under the 1988 NNAA Treaty and the 1972 Shimla Treaty. The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.” It designed the measures to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [5] [3], recalling their agreement of 23 September 1998 that an environment of peace and security is in the supreme national interest of both parties and that the resolution of all outstanding issues, including Jammu and Kashmir, is essential for this purpose. SItaram Yechury, head of the ICC, wondered what this meant for India`s agreements with Pakistan. On March 11, 1846, two days after the contract was signed, the same parties signed eight additional articles. [22] It provided that a British force would remain in Lahore no later than the end of the year “to protect the person of the Maharajas and the inhabitants of the city of Lahore during the reorganization of the Sikh army.” The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973.

The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan. [9] [10] [11] This Agreement is subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification. [4] The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until armed conflict, most recently during the Kargil war in 1999. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict suffered from natural disasters, for example.B. avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. . .