Top Secret is the highest ranking level. However, some information is subdivided by adding a code word, so that only those that have been deleted for each code word can see it. This information is also called Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI). A document marked SECRET (CODE WORD) can only be displayed by a person with a secret or top secret sharing and this specific code authorization. Each code word processes a different type of information. The ClA manages the codes.  The U.S. Congress tried to take steps to address this problem, but it failed. On March 17, 2009, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Reducing Information Control Designations Act H.R. 1323. The bill was referred to the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Intergovernmental Affairs. Since nothing has been done in committee and bills expire at the end of each convention, there is currently no bill to resolve unclassified denominations.
The conclusion? In almost all cases, a confidentiality agreement with a government official will not bind the federal government. While the government`s classification of information should not be used to prevent the publication of information that would simply be embarrassing or that would reveal criminal acts, it has been argued that the government regularly abuses the classification system to conceal criminal activity and potentially embarrassing discoveries. Documents containing such information must be marked “RESTRICTED DATA” (RD) or “FORMERLY RESTRICTED DATA” (FRD) in addition to any other classification markings. Limited data and previously limited data are classified as Top Secret, Secret or Confidential. The United States does not have an Official Secrets Act on the British model; Instead, several laws protect classified information, including the Espionage Act of 1917, the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and the Intelligence Identity Protection Act of 1982. A 2013 report to Congress found that laws were primarily used to prosecute foreign agents or those who provided them with secret information, and that leaks to the press were rarely followed.  Legislative and executive authorities, including U.S. presidents, have often leaked secret information to journalists.  [Page required]    Congress repeatedly opposed it or failed to pass a law generally prohibiting the disclosure of classified information.
Most of the Espionage Act criminalizes only information relating to national defence; Only a jury can decide whether a particular document meets this test, and the judges have repeatedly stated that “classified” information is not necessarily associated with “national defence.”   In addition, information cannot be classified by law solely because it is embarrassing or covers illegal activities; The information can only be classified to protect national security objectives.  On May 9, 2008, President George W. Bush issued a presidential memorandum to consolidate the various denominations used in a new category known as Unclassified Information Control (CUI). CUI categories and subcategos should serve as exclusive names for the identification of unclassified information throughout the executive that is not covered by Executive Order 12958 or the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (modified), but which nevertheless required protection or dissemination controls in accordance with the laws, regulations and governmental directives in force at that time. CUI would replace categories such as For Official Use Only (FOUO), Sensitive But Unclassified (SBU) and Law Enforcement Sensitive (LES).   This is the lowest ranking level of information obtained by the government. This is information that would “undermine” national security if it were made public again without authorization.  For the terms “C” and “C,”, see also: Joint Electronics Type Designation System-Parenthetical C.