Under an AAE, the buyer is usually a utility company or a company that buys electricity to meet the needs of its customers. With the production distributed with a commercial variant of PPA, the buyer can be the occupant of the building – for example. B a business, a school or a government. Electricity distributors can also enter into AAEs with the seller. Therefore, this sudden interest in AAEs as a project promoter seeks to conclude a long-term supply agreement to convince investors and banks. And in their hunger to have these AAEs, they accept discounts on what you can get in the wholesale market. AAEs can be managed by service providers in the European market. Legal agreements between the national energy sectors (sellers) and the distributor (buyer/purchaser of large quantities of electricity) are treated as AAEs in the energy sector. Synthetic AAEs decouple the physical flow of electricity from the financial flow.
This will further increase the flexibility of contractual agreements. With respect to synthetic chaining contracts (also known as sPPAs), producers and consumers agree on a price per kilowatt-hour of electricity, as does a physical AAE. However, electricity is not delivered directly to the consumer from the power generation facility. Instead, the producer`s energy service provider (for example. B an electricity distributor) takes the electricity generated in its clearing group and acts (in the short-term electricity markets, to cite an example). The consumer`s energy supplier (for example. B, a municipal plant) obtains exactly the power profile that the manufacturer makes available to its energy service provider on behalf of the PPA consumer partner, the purchase being made on a platform such as the spot market. In the synthetic AAE, this flow of electricity is now supplemented by what is called a differential contract. In this contract, the AAEs parties aim to compensate for the difference between the agreed price of AAEs and the actual spot market price.
This means that each counterparty in the AEA has two cash flows: one with the energy service provider concerned and the other with the AAE contractor. In any event, the payments add up to the price of the AAEs set at the beginning and offer both parties the desired price guarantee.