Dundee Ducks

James Bay Agreement Documentary


Dec 20


In addition to the payment of Aboriginal rights and financial compensation, the agreements have defined Aboriginal rights and regimes for future Aboriginal-non-Aboriginal relations in the region, as well as between local, regional, provincial and federal governments. Harvest rights have been granted, land classes have been defined and resource management rules have been established. School boards have been created, health services have been restructured and regional governments have been established. In 1905, when mining was in full swing and the national railway was being built in northern Ontario, the British Crown and the Canadian government reached an agreement with Crees and Ojibways of Ontario and Manitoba: Treaty 9 of James Bay. Signed more than 100 years ago, the treaty is still being challenged by a number of Aboriginal people and Canadians who want to set the record. At the time Treaty 9 was signed, representatives of the Cree and Ojibway nations had an oral tradition and did not understand English or speak English. The commissioners had to explain the agreement to them and reach a verbal agreement. Several people who appear in the film show that some of the promised and negotiated rights are not included in the written version of the contract. On the basis of the historical documents compiled, it appears that there were two versions and two interpretations: one oral; The other one, written. However, more than thirty modifier agreements, ancillary agreements and relevant laws illustrate the complex and dynamic nature of the Agreement.

In 1984, the Canadian Parliament kept its promise of Aboriginal autonomy and adopted the Cree-Naskapi (Quebec), the first of its kind in the country (see Indigenous Self-Government in Canada). Naskapi joined the JBNQA in 1978 by signing the Northeast Accord of Quebec. To mark the 40th anniversary of the JBNQA, Makivik Corporation produced a documentary entitled Napangunnaqullusi: So That You Can Stand. Le Canada. 84 min. Documentary by OlĂ© Gjerstad. Director Ole Gjerstad`s documentary examines the positive and negative legacy of the activism work of Inuit parishioners and created in the 1970s, and how it influences their current relationship with the Quebec government. To mark the 40th anniversary of the JBNQA, Makivik produced a documentary with most of the original signatures, “Napangunnaqullusi: So That You Can Stand”. The film offers a behind-the-scenes perspective of the negotiations and offers an important perspective for the youth of Nunavik to understand which guides like Charlie Watt, Zebedee Nungak, the late Mark R.